Deficit Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment of Public School Children
Way back when, ... a child that disrupted the class continuously was
called a child that needed discipline. A child that
had difficulty concentrating was a child that needed to
focus. Today those characteristics
are called Attention Deficit Disorder. For some
parents, the diagnosis and introduction of medication for
ADHD has been a blessing, however many parents find
themselves encouraged and often times feel pushed to seek
medication for their children when ADHD may not be the
This page is designed to provide
information concerning ADHD to help parents educate
themselves about the characteristic behaviors associated
with ADHD, the diagnosis procedure, and the treatment for
What is Attention Deficit Disorder?
According to the American Association of Pediatrics, ADHD
is a condition of the brain that makes it difficult for
children to control their behavior in school and social
settings. It is one of the most common chronic conditions
of childhood and affects between 4 and 12 percent of all
school-age children. About 3 times more boys than girls
are diagnosed with ADHD.
Children with ADHD may experience significant functional
problems such as school difficulties, academic
underachievement, troublesome relationships with family
members and peers, and behavioral problems. Different
children have different symptoms or problems with ADHD.
Explore! The Other Side of ADD
Born to Explore.org
National Association of School Psychologists
states, "We believe that the construct of ADD/ADHD has
come to act like a set of blinders...The many other
potential sources of inattention are often times bypassed
and not even considered."
Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
(excerpt) According to
the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of
Mental Disorders (3rd ed., rev.) (American Psychiatric
to be diagnosed as having
ADHD a child must display, for 6
months or more, at least eight of the following
characteristics prior to the age of 7:
- Fidgets, squirms or seems restless.
- Has difficulty remaining seated.
- Is easily distracted.
- Has difficulty awaiting turn.
- Blurts out answers.
- Has difficulty following
- Has difficulty sustaining attention.
- Shifts from one uncompleted task to
- Has difficulty playing quietly.
- Talks excessively.
- Interrupts or intrudes on others.
- Does not seem to listen.
- Often loses things necessary for
- Frequently engages in dangerous
How ADHD is Diagnosed
Diagnosing ADHD can be difficult because of its various
presentations among patients. Read here for an explanation
of the problem.
What Are Non-Drug Methods for
Managing and Treating Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity
Learning effective behavioral
techniques to manage your ADHD child is an
ongoing process. Read this article for some useful tips
that'll help you and your child at home, and that you
can share with your child's teachers at school. Other
management approaches like changes in diet are also
CHARACTERISTICS OF ADD
permission from the National Network for Child Care - NNCC.
(1993). Attention deficit disorder. In M. Lopes (Ed.)
(March, p.1). Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts
1. Often fidgets with hands or feet or
squirms in seat.
2. Has difficulty remaining seated when required to do
3. Is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.
4. Has difficulty awaiting turns in games or group
5. Often blurts out answers to questions before they
have been completed.
6. Has difficulty following through on instructions from
7. Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play
8. Often shifts from one uncompleted activity to
9. Has difficulty playing quietly.
10. Often talks excessively.
11. Often interrupts or intrudes on others, e.g. butts
into other children's games.
12. Often does not seem to listen to what is being said
to him or her.
13. Often loses things necessary for tasks or activities
at home or at school, e.g. toys, pencils, books.
14. Often engages in physically dangerous activities
without considering possible consequences, e.g. runs
into street without looking.